Article by Charles Greene, W1CG
My 4:1 current-type balun is wound on a FT-114-43 core. The FT-140-43 is a little easier to
work with, and maybe the FT-140-77 would cover 160-10. This one is reasonably flat from 4.5
to 35 MHz but drops off a little at 3.5, 40-ohms with a 200 ohm resistor on the high side instead
of the 50-ohms I get on the higher bands.
The reason I used the R/S speaker wire is that last summer Wayne (N6KR) reported his
double Zepp with a R/S speaker wire feed line, and someone at ARRL lab measured the
impedance and came up with around 120 ohms. You are supposed to use something that has
an impedance of approximately 2X the input impedance, and this was close.
Now, to the construction instructions:
Refer to the schematic (or figure 2-1A on page 18 of Jerry Sevick’s book “Building and Using
Baluns and Ununs”).