Article by N2DS Dave
Welcome of my homemade loop antenna or loop aerial pages. All the loops described here were designed and built by myself. The features are not real different from loop to loop. These loops are made to enhance radio reception in the broadcast, or medium wave (MW) band range. Some of the loops are just one coil, some have tuning capacitors and some have an extra coupling coil. Read on and discover the fantasy of loop antennas. Or fetish in my case.
A Word About Loop Antenna Design
All these loops involve a resonant tuned circuit made up by a multi-turn loop coil and a variable capacitor. If you are using one of my designs shown on these pages, you are all set to go ahead. But if you are designing your own loop antenna, please read on.
As just mentioned, a resonant circuit is made with the coil and variable capacitor. The old standard configuration to tune the medium wave band is a 240µH coil and a 365pF variable capacitor. These numbers are fine when using a small diameter coil, but are grossly inaccurate with a loop antenna coil.
This inaccuracy is due to a relatively large amount of self capacitance (also called distributed capacitance) built in to large diameter wire coils. Increasing the wire spacing doesn’t do a lot to reduce this extra capacitance.Continue reading